Search found 597 matches

by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 21, 2012 10:20 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Slurries in Cooking
Replies: 8
Views: 4803

Re: Slurries in Cooking

I have been told, to use flour to thicken something, mix it with a small amount of cold water before adding it to whatever you want to thicken. Yes, yes, I know how to make a slurry. What I don't understand is why it works. Why is it necessary to stir my thickener into a small amount of liquid, bef...
by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 21, 2012 6:52 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Slurries in Cooking
Replies: 8
Views: 4803

Slurries in Cooking

If I try to stir flour directly into some hot gravy to thicken it, the gravy gets lumpy; but if I stir the flour into a tiny bit of the hot gravy first, and then stir the resulting slurry into the rest of the gravy, it comes out smooth. Similarly, if add a whole can of cold milk to a can of condense...
by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 21, 2012 5:25 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Person/Persons/People
Replies: 11
Views: 3992

Re: Person/Persons/People

Perhaps analogy could be helpful here. I propose that "people" is to "persons" almost exactly as "cattle" is to "cows". It's also not terribly dissimilar to how "clientele" is to "clients", and has at least some things in common with how &q...
by ThirdParty
Sat Oct 20, 2012 6:38 pm UTC
Forum: Food
Topic: Stock Brand Comparisons
Replies: 5
Views: 3987

Re: Stock Brand Comparisons

I think you've called it correctly: condensed products tend to be cheaper per calorie than uncondensed products, due not having to ship (and store) as much water. You'll want to taste it to make sure it tastes as good as what you're used to. (Store brands aren't necessarily low-quality; they're just...
by ThirdParty
Sat Oct 20, 2012 12:25 am UTC
Forum: Food
Topic: Quick cheap simple vegetarian food
Replies: 19
Views: 10508

Re: Quick cheap simple vegetarian food

Black beans (from a can, or a big batch in a slow cooker), plus whatever summer squash you have, plus whatever peppers, tomatoes, ears of corn, cheese, leafy green or anything else that strikes your fancy. Serve it with rice, or tortillas. If you're out of tortillas and don't have time to cook rice...
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 8:05 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Highest and lowest vowel density
Replies: 18
Views: 20265

Re: Highest and lowest vowel density

Are proper names accepted? If so, "Aeolia" is 5:1. How 'proper' do proper names have to be. For example, you could call your child something like, "Leoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeo" and win the contest pretty quickly. I've been assuming we're limited to, at most, proper names whi...
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 3:37 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Highest and lowest vowel density
Replies: 18
Views: 20265

Re: Highest and lowest vowel density

steewi wrote:Phonologically, the densest you usually get is something like "strengths", which is /strɛŋθs/
Depending on how you analyze syllabic consonants, that might be improvable to "strengtheners" (/strɛŋθn̩r̩s/).
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 6:49 am UTC
Forum: News & Articles
Topic: Closest known exo-planet discovered
Replies: 135
Views: 12948

Re: Closest known exo-planet discovered

A habitable planet within spitting distance(as interstellar distances are concerned) would be fantastic news. Um. See Nick Bostrom's paper ( pdf ) on why discovering that our planet is relatively non-unique would be a bad omen for our future. Anyhow, what we really need to do is adapt to outer spac...
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 6:28 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Highest and lowest vowel density
Replies: 18
Views: 20265

Re: Highest and lowest vowel density

Does "y" count as a consonant even when used as a vowel? If so, "rhythmlessly" is 1:11.

Are proper names accepted? If so, "Aeolia" is 5:1.
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 5:58 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Hyphen, hyphen, where did you go?
Replies: 18
Views: 7236

Re: Hyphen, hyphen, where did you go?

Just yesterday I was reading a novel (the copyright date was 1995) and hit a sentence that badly needed a hyphen. Unfortunately I've forgotten the sentence and can't seem to relocate it, but it was something like "Asturias valiantly defended itself and precariously united Moorish forces, losing...
by ThirdParty
Fri Oct 19, 2012 5:18 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Person/Persons/People
Replies: 11
Views: 3992

Re: Person/Persons/People

My take: "Persons" is the correct plural of all senses of the word "person". "People" refers to a group of persons, functioning as a collective entity or as an uncounted mass. So: ⋅ "Our two peoples are so different that any peace between us can be only t...
by ThirdParty
Thu Oct 18, 2012 12:54 am UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Ordering of five or more players
Replies: 5
Views: 1905

Re: Ordering of five or more players

I executed the following code. (Sorry for how ugly it is. I'm not a programmer.) <html><head><script language="JavaScript"> var followedYet = new Array(6); followedYet[0] = [2,1,0,0,0]; followedYet[1] = [0,2,1,0,0]; followedYet[2] = [0,0,2,1,0]; followedYet[3] = [0,0,0...
by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 14, 2012 4:46 am UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Why is calculus such a big deal?
Replies: 11
Views: 3263

Re: Why is calculus such a big deal?

I never got very far in calculus, and ended up in a non-math field, but there are still two calculus-y things that seem to come up occasionally in everyday life. Rates of change in rates of change : Second and even third derivatives come up sometimes in everyday life, and it's useful to be able to g...
by ThirdParty
Sat Oct 13, 2012 6:15 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Hitori Composition
Replies: 10
Views: 4395

Re: Hitori Composition

Snark wrote:Unfortunately, that puzzle doesn't require use of Odd Man Out.
Oops, you're right. My "red herring" turned out a little too greenish.

Here's a new try at using both "Odd Man Out" and "Sandwich" in a 4-by-4-with-4 matrix:
Spoiler:

Code: Select all

3 3 4 3
4 1 1 2
1 3 2 4
2 4 3 4
by ThirdParty
Sat Oct 13, 2012 3:45 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Hitori Composition
Replies: 10
Views: 4395

Re: Hitori Composition

Since nobody's attempted it yet, maybe I'd better share my strategy for composing Hitori puzzles: Suppose that I wanted a Hitori puzzle that required both Heuristic 4 ("Odd Man Out") and Heuristic 5 ("Sandwich") to solve. I start with a blank matrix of the size I ...
by ThirdParty
Thu Oct 11, 2012 11:41 pm UTC
Forum: Serious Business
Topic: General Economics Stuff
Replies: 118
Views: 42683

Re: General Economics Stuff

Now, you'll note from the scale of the graph that debt, on a nation-state level, tends to be somewhat lower than what some people consider acceptable for an individual. Does it? I'm trying to picture what the individual analog of GDP is. All the business that is conducted on my property or by peopl...
by ThirdParty
Tue Oct 09, 2012 8:35 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Related Rates Help
Replies: 8
Views: 3822

Re: Related Rates Help

relative velocity is simply the difference of the vleocity vectors - since the velocity vector's directions are at right angles Pythagoras is adequate to find the magnitude: sqrt(9^2 + 10^2) - no need to decompose by componets - no need for calculus beyond finding the 2nd velocity The question didn...
by ThirdParty
Tue Oct 09, 2012 5:06 am UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Related Rates Help
Replies: 8
Views: 3822

Re: Related Rates Help

I've forgotten everything I ever knew about calculus except how to take the derivative of a polynomial, so I had to find a solution to the problem that didn't require any of this "implicit differentiation" gobbledygook. Fortunately, this proved doable. First, we switch to a reference frame...
by ThirdParty
Mon Oct 08, 2012 11:31 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Hitori Composition
Replies: 10
Views: 4395

Re: Hitori Composition

I'm wondering about how 'elegant' non-square puzzles are compared to square ones. A 7x5 matrix (or 14x5 matrix!) using integers 1 through 7 also scores -7.2 on your scale, but it seems like it should get a different score. Different in which direction? Hitori is a close cousin of Sudoku, and Sudoku...
by ThirdParty
Mon Oct 08, 2012 2:46 am UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Hitori Composition
Replies: 10
Views: 4395

Re: Hitori Composition

Oops, fixed the typo in H1. Not sure what you mean by H5 being a special case of H4, though. They're very different. (They do overlap in the case of three-of-a-kind-in-a-row, which can be treated as a special case of either, but that's the only overlap.) Edit: for example, here are two small puzzles...
by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 07, 2012 10:26 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Hitori Composition
Replies: 10
Views: 4395

Hitori Composition

I was playing some mindless computer-generated Hitori puzzles and started wondering whether I could make a "better" one than the ones the computer was generating. I had enough fun fiddling with the problem that I thought I might share. Definition of a Hitori puzzle: For our purposes, a Hit...
by ThirdParty
Sun Oct 07, 2012 4:11 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: I like cake and ice cream
Replies: 2
Views: 1668

Re: I like cake and ice cream

Here's my solution: I replace "I" with "J" throughout to avoid confusion with the numeral "1". The only thing that could get carried into the ten-thousands place is 1, so C=1. I decide to try R=0, because it can't be 1 and the thousands place looks unlikely to add u...
by ThirdParty
Wed Oct 03, 2012 9:41 pm UTC
Forum: Serious Business
Topic: How did Israel come to exist?
Replies: 21
Views: 10174

Re: How did Israel come to exist?

I mostly agree with BattleMoose's account, plus mosc's addendum that "Palestine" included the Transjordan, but I have a couple of additions regarding motivations. the Ottoman Empire was on the wrong side and basically after the war ceased to exist ... World War II happened You make the con...
by ThirdParty
Mon Oct 01, 2012 4:00 am UTC
Forum: General
Topic: What world shattering disasters worry you?
Replies: 61
Views: 8848

Re: What world shattering disasters worry you?

Political disaster. "Imagine a boot stamping on a human face, forever." Military technology at this point is sufficiently powerful that if a Taliban-esque government got control of the world, any rebellion could be easily suppressed and their ideology could be propagated indefinitely. For ...
by ThirdParty
Mon Oct 01, 2012 3:47 am UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Pennies in Boxes
Replies: 85
Views: 51130

Re: Pennies in Boxes

Here's an inefficient brute-force solution that recovers about a third of the value of the pennies without using any chemistry: Hire an intermodal shipping company to transport about 1000 cubic meters of little boxes from your back yard to Cambodia. Estimated cost: $25,000. Hire 4 million man-hours ...
by ThirdParty
Sat Sep 29, 2012 7:10 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Would a "Mozart Effect" for languages work?
Replies: 8
Views: 5888

Re: Would a "Mozart Effect" for languages work?

What if instead of tapes the parents just quietly sneak some extra sounds into their household English, based on spellings? Off the top of my head: ⋅ Pronounce "wh" (as in "which") as /ʍ/ while pronouncing "w" (as in "witch") as /w/. (My dialect does...
by ThirdParty
Thu Sep 27, 2012 4:28 am UTC
Forum: Serious Business
Topic: Atheism as a civil rights movement
Replies: 570
Views: 50903

Re: Atheism as a civil rights movement

I think there are some important disanalogies between discrimination on the basis of religion and discrimination on the basis of things like race. At least in principle, religion is something one chooses, not something one's born with. If I successfully convince you that I'm God and that the best wa...
by ThirdParty
Wed Sep 26, 2012 4:38 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Complement of Infinite Union.
Replies: 7
Views: 3481

Re: Complement of Infinite Union.

Take the complement of the Union of A_n from 1 to infinity. Now take the intersection of the compliment of A_n from 1 to infinity. Are these sets equal? ... I have tried assuming that there is some non empty set C of {A_n} such that the equation is false. Forgive me, it's been a long time since I'v...
by ThirdParty
Sat Sep 22, 2012 3:45 pm UTC
Forum: General
Topic: Paper People!
Replies: 13
Views: 2146

Re: Paper People!

Yes, of course they're real people. When I utter the statement "my favorite color is indigo", there are two possibilities: (1) my conscious experience of indigo-qualia has played a causal role in leading me to make that sentence; (2) I would have made that sentence regardless of whether I'...
by ThirdParty
Fri Sep 21, 2012 11:43 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: 5 Cards, Choose 4
Replies: 7
Views: 5756

Re: 5 Cards, Choose 4

That thread includes a proof that this is possible with a pack of up to 124 cards (5!+4). After much squinting at Wikipedia (I don't know any graph theory) I've convinced myself of the proof's validity. So, can anyone come up with a simple method to solve this with more cards Could anyone dumb-down...
by ThirdParty
Fri Sep 21, 2012 2:45 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Words common to different languages with different meanings
Replies: 69
Views: 32601

Re: Words common to different languages with different meani

I remember back when I was learning Spanish, I kept getting thrown off by English color words being used as nouns. una "red" refers to a net . un "hielo" (pronounced "yellow") refers to an ice cube . I think there were others too, but I've forgotten what they were. Hace...
by ThirdParty
Fri Sep 21, 2012 2:19 am UTC
Forum: General
Topic: INTRO THREAD THE THIRD
Replies: 10920
Views: 2277716

Re: INTRO THREAD THE THIRD

Welcome! Do you prefer deontological, consequentialist or virtue ethics? Or something else? Thanks for the welcome! Since a large part of what attracts me to this forum is the Logic Puzzles section, I'll go ahead and share my analysis of the possible answers to your question: ⋅ If you ask...
by ThirdParty
Thu Sep 20, 2012 11:40 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Lottery Problem: "All or Nothing"
Replies: 8
Views: 7462

Re: Lottery Problem: "All or Nothing"

Assuming that order doesn't matter and that repeated numbers are not allowed: The player's odds of winning with "all" are 100% if n≤12 and decrease as n increases beyond 12. The player's odds of winning with "none" are 0% if n≤23 and increase as n increases beyond 23. So n=23 giv...
by ThirdParty
Thu Sep 20, 2012 1:18 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: The Oxford Comma
Replies: 26
Views: 14930

Re: The Oxford Comma

As Rizzo pointed out above, the Oxford comma is necessary in complex lists. "We ate pancakes, biscuits and gravy, and bread and jam" would be terribly ugly without the second comma. This is not necessarily true provdided we follow the convention of using ampersands within items in a list ...
by ThirdParty
Wed Sep 19, 2012 11:20 pm UTC
Forum: Logic Puzzles
Topic: Code from my childhood
Replies: 14
Views: 5835

Re: Code from my childhood

Th bnks af prog jvj n givsuth fe pppp rtvn jty it pocr bck a th jsisjm plf ebvtu ffff ctjvfec pdf.
by ThirdParty
Wed Sep 19, 2012 9:27 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: The Oxford Comma
Replies: 26
Views: 14930

Re: The Oxford Comma

I use it. As Rizzo pointed out above, the Oxford comma is necessary in complex lists. "We ate pancakes, biscuits and gravy, and bread and jam" would be terribly ugly without the second comma. So even if "We ate pancakes, biscuits and bread" isn't terribly ugly, I think it's prefe...
by ThirdParty
Wed Sep 19, 2012 7:58 pm UTC
Forum: General
Topic: INTRO THREAD THE THIRD
Replies: 10920
Views: 2277716

Re: INTRO THREAD THE THIRD

Hi, everyone. I'm a 29-year-old ethicist from the United States. I don't expect to be very active here, at least in the immediate future, but wanted to go ahead and stake out an account so that I'd have the option of posting if I wanted to.

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