A Most Amazing Number
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A Most Amazing Number
This is a link to a YouTube video by Vihart, a selfstyled mathemusician, who publishes many charming mathematical videos in her channel there. It describes a number called "Wau" which is the pronunciation of the Greek letter digamma. Since I am not a mathematician, I cannot adequately describe the derivation of the number, except to say that it is so mysterious and counterintuitive that I completely fail to understand how it is constructed. I urge you all to go and see the video, and examine her evidence. It may well be a hoax. But if it isn't, it is the strangest number I have ever encountered.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFLkou8NvJo
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFLkou8NvJo
Re: A Most Amazing Number
That's not nice!
 t1mm01994
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Hoax. e^(i*2pi)=*wau*? YEeaaaaahh no.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
The thing that irritates me most. Digamma was 6.
my pronouns are they
Magnanimous wrote:(fuck the macrons)
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Spoiler:
she/they
gmalivuk wrote:Yes. And if wishes were horses, wishing wells would fill up very quickly with drowned horses.King Author wrote:If space (rather, distance) is an illusion, it'd be possible for one metame to experience both body's sensory inputs.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
That number is as mysterious as dihydrogen monoxide is dangerous!
What they (mathematicians) define as interesting depends on their particular field of study; mathematical anaylsts find pain and extreme confusion interesting, whereas geometers are interested in beauty.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
z4lis wrote:That number is as mysterious as dihydrogen monoxide is dangerous!
I would say that Ϝ is as mysterious as H₂O is mysterious. You may take both for granted, but they're both amazing.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Saw this a few days ago. I figured it out pretty fast, but it was amusing.
 Proginoskes
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
She made a mistake, though ... the derivative of e^Wau with respect to x is not Wau*e; it's ln(Wau) * e.
 t1mm01994
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
She made a youtube note saying "it's Wau*e  e^wau", which works as well..
Gosh, why didn't I figure out that it was a number instead of a huge hoax >.>
Gosh, why didn't I figure out that it was a number instead of a huge hoax >.>
Re: A Most Amazing Number
t1mm01994 wrote:She made a youtube note saying "it's Wau*e  e^wau", which works as well..
Gosh, why didn't I figure out that it was a number instead of a huge hoax >.>
I wouldn't call it a hoax. It's a cute way to remind people how important Wau is. There are plenty of interesting numbers, but where would they be without Wau?
gfauxpas wrote:z4lis wrote:That number is as mysterious as dihydrogen monoxide is dangerous!
I would say that Ϝ is as mysterious as H₂O is mysterious. You may take both for granted, but they're both amazing.
This.
 t1mm01994
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Yeah, but at first I thought it was a hoax.. Now that I know the true identity of Wau, I know it's not a hoax, but I didn't look at the identities close enough to recognize that Wau fits into all of them.
And e to the i to the e i o equals e to the tau to the tau wau wau sounded strange and more than one way to represent as decimal got me at first too. Now that I'm much wiser, it all makes sense...
And e to the i to the e i o equals e to the tau to the tau wau wau sounded strange and more than one way to represent as decimal got me at first too. Now that I'm much wiser, it all makes sense...
Re: A Most Amazing Number
All nonzero real numbers can be represented as decimals in two ways. Wau is just the most famous example.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Nyktos wrote:All nonzero real numbers can be represented as decimals in two ways. Wau is just the most famous example.
I don't know about reals, but rationals definitely (as they terminate).
she/they
gmalivuk wrote:Yes. And if wishes were horses, wishing wells would fill up very quickly with drowned horses.King Author wrote:If space (rather, distance) is an illusion, it'd be possible for one metame to experience both body's sensory inputs.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
After watching the video exactly wau times, I noticed an error at ~2:50: There is an x missing at both sides, d/dx e^wau = 0.
And 4:35 uses a relativistic mass .
Not even all rational numbers terminate, just look at 1/3.
You can write a number with two different decimal representations if and only if it is a multiple of 10^(n) for some natural n and not 0.
In other words: All rational numbers p/(2^n 5^m) with p!=0 integer and n,m natural numbers.
And 4:35 uses a relativistic mass .
Not even all rational numbers terminate, just look at 1/3.
You can write a number with two different decimal representations if and only if it is a multiple of 10^(n) for some natural n and not 0.
In other words: All rational numbers p/(2^n 5^m) with p!=0 integer and n,m natural numbers.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
mfb wrote:After watching the video exactly wau times, I noticed an error at ~2:50: There is an x missing at both sides, d/dx e^wau = 0.
And 4:35 uses a relativistic mass .
I believe there was an annotation added that corrected that part.
double epsilon = .0000001;
Re: A Most Amazing Number
mfb wrote:Not even all rational numbers terminate, just look at 1/3.
You can write a number with two different decimal representations if and only if it is a multiple of 10^(n) for some natural n and not 0.
In other words: All rational numbers p/(2^n 5^m) with p!=0 integer and n,m natural numbers.
Ah whoops, I mixed up termination with repeating.
she/they
gmalivuk wrote:Yes. And if wishes were horses, wishing wells would fill up very quickly with drowned horses.King Author wrote:If space (rather, distance) is an illusion, it'd be possible for one metame to experience both body's sensory inputs.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
mfb wrote:And 4:35 uses a relativistic mass .
Or a stationary particle.
my pronouns are they
Magnanimous wrote:(fuck the macrons)

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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Qaanol wrote:Zero has two distinct decimal representations as well.
Nyktos wrote:All nonzero real numbers can be represented as decimals in two ways. Wau is just the most famous example.
Could you guys elaborate? I thought that the only way to get distinct decimal representations of a number is by converting it's finite representation into one that ends in "999...". Which seems impossible to do with zero.
 Talith
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Maybe true for wau, but you definitely can't represent every nonzero real number as decimals in two ways (try giving the two decimal representations of 1/3).Nyktos wrote:All nonzero real numbers can be represented as decimals in two ways. Wau is just the most famous example.

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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Aargh. That was cheap, and you know it
Re: A Most Amazing Number
How so? Do you contend that 1.000… and −1.000… are identical decimal representations? They clearly differ at the ‘sign’ position of the representation, and that is exactly the same representational difference as distinguishes 0.000… from −0.000…
wee free kings

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Re: A Most Amazing Number
I'm not pissed because I disagree, I'm pissed because I thought there was more to it than this. I never really gave the notion of "decimal representation" a rigorous look
 NathanielJ
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Where are we drawing the line here? Maybe zero has an infinite number of decimal representations: 0, 0.0, 0.00, 0.000, ...
 t1mm01994
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
I believe that consensus says that any trailing zeros may be ignored, i.e. 3.0 and 3 are the exact same number in the exact same representation.. For maths goals, that is.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Talith wrote:Maybe true for wau, but you definitely can't represent every nonzero real number as decimals in two ways (try giving the two decimal representations of 1/3).Nyktos wrote:All nonzero real numbers can be represented as decimals in two ways. Wau is just the most famous example.
Yeah, clearly I wasn't really thinking when I said that. Only rationals that can be expressed with the denominator as a power of ten, yes.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
1/3 definitely has many decimal representations. 0.33333...., 00.33333..., 000.33333,...
 Talith
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
Traditionally a decimal representation is the sum of a sequence (a_{i}/10^{i})_{i≥0}, where a_{0} is an integer and the other a_{i}s are in the set {0,1,...,9}. So, your representations other than the first are not representations in the traditional sense (either that, or we would say they are the same as the first representation).
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Qaanol wrote:How so? Do you contend that 1.000… and −1.000… are identical decimal representations? They clearly differ at the ‘sign’ position of the representation, and that is exactly the same representational difference as distinguishes 0.000… from −0.000…
I think that they are identical decimal representations if any truncation (say at the ith decimal place) of the two results in equality. In the case of 1.000... and 1.000... every truncation results in two different values so they are not identical decimal representations. With 0.000... and 0.000... every truncation results in the same value so they are identical decimal representations.
In the same manner 1.00 and 1.0000 and 1.00000... are all identical decimal representations of 1, yet 1 and .9999.. are not identical decimal representations, they are in fact two (nonidentical) decimal representations of 1.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Talith wrote:Traditionally a decimal representation is the sum of a sequence (a_{i}/10^{i})_{i≥0}, where a_{0} is an integer and the other a_{i}s are in the set {0,1,...,9}. So, your representations other than the first are not representations in the traditional sense (either that, or we would say they are the same as the first representation).
0 is an integer, and the sum of that sequence is a number, not any sort of representation. And honestly, if you're arguing for these representations being the same, you may as well argue for 0.999... being the same representation as 1. After all, the only grounds by which they are the same is that they in fact represent the same number. Otherwise, they are represented quite differently.
Yesila wrote:I think that they are identical decimal representations if any truncation (say at the ith decimal place) of the two results in equality.
Not the worst criterion, but it seems rather arbitrary. A more natural way to look at it is to ask how a decimal number would be rigorously defined. The most obvious candidate is as a function f : Z > {0,...,9} such that for some N, all f(n) for n > N are zero. Equality would then be, of course, function equality (and the numbers themselves equivalence classes of these functions). This way, to specify a decimal you clearly have to specify each decimal place, and equality happens iff two numbers agree at all decimal places.
 Talith
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Re: A Most Amazing Number
0 is an integer sure, but are 00 and 000 really different integers to 0? I don't know any definition of integer that would say they are different (if even 00 is a well defined integer  which I would say it is not)).
Also, in your definition, I assume you're mapping the integer n to the 10^{n} place of the real number. The other option would be to stick with n>10^{n} but have for some N, for all n<N, f(n)=0 which is also fairly natural because the mapping then 'reads left to right' in the usual way that we view the integers and the decimal places of a real number.
Also, in your definition, I assume you're mapping the integer n to the 10^{n} place of the real number. The other option would be to stick with n>10^{n} but have for some N, for all n<N, f(n)=0 which is also fairly natural because the mapping then 'reads left to right' in the usual way that we view the integers and the decimal places of a real number.
Re: A Most Amazing Number
Talith wrote:0 is an integer sure, but are 00 and 000 really different integers to 0? I don't know any definition of integer that would say they are different (if even 00 is a well defined integer  which I would say it is not)).
Perhaps I misread last night. The real argument against your definition, I think, is that it's not representative of how we write decimal notation of integers. For example, 345 is written that way not because it's an "integer", but because it's 3*10^2 + 4*10^1 + 5*10^0 . (This is, in fact, the same thing that happens to the sequence's tail, so why are we stopping before we get to the head?) In other words, your sequence's cutoff point at i = 0 seems unrepresentative of how decimal notation is actually used.
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