I'm a chemistry grad student getting my PhD in December and looking for jobs as we speak. When I figure out the answer to your question for sure, I'll definitely let you know.
In all honesty, if you want to have a really "scientific" career, you will almost certainly have to go to grad school too. It's kind of how it works these days; there are exceptions, but they are relatively rare. That being said, I am in polymer and materials science, and there are quite a few jobs out there for being in the middle of a recession. Some of that is very cool work, too; they are doing things like trying to figure out how to incorporate carbon nanotubes into plastics for making super-strong materials, or how to make light-emitting materials out of electrically conducting plastics. GE and Dow Chemical are a couple of the companies with research in this area.
One of the classic careers for a chemist is in pharmaceuticals, but that industry is tightening up these days. A lot of people think that all the "low-hanging fruit" has been found already and that times will be harder in pharma from here on out, meaning fewer jobs and less interesting work.
There's also chemical engineering (my wife and mother are both chemical engineers) which has the advantage of being as close to a guaranteed job as you can get. (When you're about ten years older - my age right now - you'll probably care a whole lot about that last bit.) Those jobs tend to be at a "factory" level; designing reactors and making sure pipes don't explode, that kind of thing. Not as glamorous as a "research" type job, but a whole lot more practical than most research (and you can still get into research with an engineering degree, many do).