Jackpot777 wrote:In a similar vein...
This is probably obvious, but...
Peter, Andrew and Philip are anglicizations of Greek names; Jesus, John, James and Matthew are anglicizations of hellenizations of Hebrew names; and Thomas is an anglicization of a hellenization of an Aramaic name. The origin of Simon is contested.
Yes. The twelve apostles were Jews (thus knowing Aramaic and probably some Hebrew, if they weren't fluent in it) who, if they wanted to deal with non-Jews at all, had to speak Greek as well. (I would hazard that, at minimum, the lesser-known Apostle named Simon, a Zealot, probably refused to speak Greek.) They almost certainly spoke Aramaic on a daily basis.
Of the 12 original Apostles, 10 had distinctly Jewish names:
3 named Judas (or Jude) (Greek Ιούδας, from Hebrew: יהודה, Yəhûḏāh), a common Jewish name in both Testaments, named after Judah, one of the 12 sons of Jacob (Israel). It was such a common name that the three Apostles given this name all had nicknames: one of these was nicknamed Thaddeus (Greek Θαδδαῖος); another was primarily called by the Aramaic nickname תאומא (Te'oma, "twin", which became the Greek name Θωμᾶς, Thomas); and the last was further identified by either the nickname Iscariot (Ισκάριωθ, of uncertain meaning) or as "son of Simon".
2 named James (= Jacob; Greek Ἰάκωβος, from Hebrew/Aramaic Yaʿqob = יַעֲקֹב), named after one of the founders of the Jewish people, Jacob (Israel)
2 named Simon (שמעון) (one of whom Jesus nicknamed כיפא, ~ Kepha or Cephas, "rock", which in Greek is Πέτρος ~ Petros --> Peter)
1 named Levi, (Hebrew: לֵּוִי), another popular name in the Bible, originally after another son of Jacob (Israel); he was also called Matthew (Hebrew מַתִּתְיָהוּ, Matityahu, in Greek Ματθαῖος)
1 named John (Greek Ἰωάννης, from Hebrew יוֹחָנָן, Yôḥanan), another Hebrew name found in the Old Testament, although more obscure
1 named Nathaniel (Hebrew נתנאל (Nataniel)), usually identified as being the same Apostle as Bartholomew (Βαρθολομαῖος), a Greek-origin name
Two Apostles, although Jewish, had names of Greek origin. Remember, the ruling authority, and thus the official national language, of the region which is now Israel had been Greek-speaking since Alexander the Great conquered the Persian-Egyptian Empire in 332 BC, over 300 years before any of these people had been born.
Andrew (Greek: Ἀνδρέας, Andreas)
Philip (Greek: Φίλιππος, Philippos)
SerMufasa wrote:[snip]Adam[/snip]... But as I posited, I'm guessing it refers to someone whom we have physical evidence of, not just scholarly conjecture.
. That is all.
I hear velociraptor tastes like chicken.