I...I don't think there's any religion where your soul will get transferred with your body if it's broken up and either scattered across the world to be remade elsewhere, or where it'll get popped inside a copy.
I also can't think of a justification for that, so I'll move onto your second point as I've nothing to argue against:
Chen wrote:It also assumes consciousness is not something physically related to your brain chemistry.
Consciousness is an abstract result of thousands of different sensory inputs, chemical reactions and other biological quirks, but I think it's safe to assume the body being broken down to a molecular level will end that all and kill you, and that rebuilding a copy won't bring back the original.
Really, I just can't see any way of arguing that teleportation doesn't kill the original and rebuild a new one at the end, even with the same molecules, unless you include uploading the mind into a machine and transferring it without somehow killing the person being transferred.
That isn't good enough though, because it didn't actually do them, it just believes it has, and, as you've said, has the marks that you gained from it. If we go by the idea that it hasn't got your mind in it, then it wasn't actually there, and it didn't do them.
sourmìlk wrote:Except that it has, for all intents and purposes,
sourmìlk wrote:Sure your consciousness goes across. Who would make a transporter that couldn't transport a working brain?
That works, actually, assuming it transfers your (not actually physically real and thus able to be destroyed) consciousness as well.
sourmìlk wrote:Except that it has, for all intents and purposes, experienced what you have because it remembers it and it's physical layout is affected by it. It's a copy of something that has experienced those things, therefore it has experienced those things.
While it may have experienced them in the mental sense, and has the physical marks to prove it, it hasn't actually gone through them, the same way Neo In the Matrix having martial arts uploaded into his brain along with the physical results doesn't mean he actually went through the training.
Signatures are for chumps.