Why is Catalonia so called rather than Aragon? Or was it always Catalonia in the local language and as usual we renamed it?
is a territory to the east of Catalonia. During the Reconquista (Reconquest) it was a kingdom
, which gave the name to the Crown of Aragon
, after the dynastic union in 1150 of the Queen of Aragon with a Count of Barcelona, their son inheriting all different territories in the House of Aragon and the House of Barcelona. The Kings of Aragon had also the title of Count of Barcelona and ruled territories that consisted of not only the present administrative region of Aragon but also Catalonia, and later the kingdoms of Majorca, Valencia, Sicily, Naples and Sardinia
. In 1469, the crowns of the Christian kingdoms of Castile and Aragon were united by the marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. 1478 commenced the completion of the conquest of the Canary Islands and in 1492, the combined forces of Castile and Aragon captured the Emirate of Granada, ending the last remnant of a 781-year presence of Islamic rule in Iberia.
On the other hand: in Catalonia, besides Spanish, many people speak Catalan. Something similar happens in other parts of Spain, with other languages. Spanish is the official language of all Spain, while Catalan is also official only in Catalonia, Gallego in Galicia, etc.
On another point: as far as I know
, according to the Spanish Constitution (1978], it is illegal for a region (like Catalonia or any other) to call an independence referendum. I think
that the government could call one in which all the Spaniards (not just the people in Catalonia) could vote the secession of a part of the state. From wikipedia: "As a result, Spain is now composed of 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities with varying degrees of autonomy thanks to its Constitution, which nevertheless explicitly states the indivisible unity of the Spanish nation."