In addition to the obvious, this study also falsifies the strong Out-of-Africa hypothesis, by showing that there were genetically distinct groups of humans as much at 100,000 years ago.Scientists say they have recovered 60 percent of the genome so far and hope to complete it. By comparing that genome with those of various present day humans, the team concluded that about 1 percent to 4 percent of the genome of non-Africans today is derived from Neanderthals. But the Neanderthal DNA does not seem to have played a great role in human evolution, they said.
Experts believe that the Neanderthal genome sequence will be of extraordinary importance in understanding human evolutionary history since the two species split some 600,000 years ago.
Now excuse me, I need to go hunt some mammoth.