Alternatively (as the title suggests), consider this a test of your French and/or linguistic abilities! (Do my translations work? Do you know the answers to the (obscure?) trivia I'm providing you questions on?)
Disclaimer: French is my second language, and Phonology and Phonetics are new to me this year.
La structure syllabique VC constitue la structure syllabique la plus marquée. Vrai ou Faux?
The syllabic structure VC constitutes the the most stressed
marked* syllabic structure. True or False?
I'm not sure. Is this question asking if a syllable with a heavy rhime (rhyme?) is where the heaviest intonation is going to fall? What confuses me most is "most marked".
Les voyelles moyennes arrondies [-atr] sont neutralisées au profit des voyelles moyennes [+atr] en syllabe ouverte finale. Vrai ou Faux?
Rounded middle vowels [-atr] are neutralised to the profit (benefit?) of middle vowels [+atr] in an open ending syllable. True or false?
How do you neutralise a vowel? What does that even mean? Looking at the chart I have (my professor calls it a "matrice des traits", which means "trait matrix"...), the question seems to be asking if the rounded middle vowels [-atr] change into +atr. Does this make sense?
- a backwards c (a type of 'o', as found in "homme" (man))
- the same thing with a squiggle on top (so nasalised, pronounced 'on', as in "on a des lunettes" (we have glasses))
- oe with a squiggle on top (as in "un" (one))
If you changed the backwards 'c' see into +atr, it looks like it would be a normal "o". The oe would be a 'ø'. Does this make sense?
L'attaque est un constituant obligatoire pour tout syllabe en français. Vrai ou faux?
attackis an obligatory constituent for all syllables in French. True or false?
I know some attacks are empty... but they still "exist" in all french syllables, the way we were taught... Would you say that makes it an "obligatory constituent"?
I might come back with more later, if you don't mind. Brownie points to whoever teaches me how to make the backwards 'c' appear on my computer! (I have it in word, but I can't do it in my FF browser, as in I can't find it in abcTajpu ...)
EDIT: was doing some wikipediaing, and I found that what we've been calling "the attack" is actually called "the onset"... I think. Our model is a lot more simplified. There is the Attack and the Rhime, and the Rhime breaks down into the nucleus and optional coda
*EDIT2: looked into my translation more, and found that "marked" was a very direct translation, not the most semantically accurate. "Pronounced", "stressed", "emphasized" seem like they might be better.